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Lesson by "The Irish People"
drill for an modh coinníollach
in first and second conjugations
Form a picture
in your mind of the meaning of these verbs and of the subject (whether
"I", "you", "he", etc):
é. Lasfaimis é. Ní cheannódh sé
é. Dá ndíolfainn é. Nach sílfidís
é? An inseodh sí é? Ní throidfeá.
Mura gcasfadh sibh é. Dá mbrisfeadh sé é.
An ngoidfí é? Nach n-ólfá é? Mura
mbeadh sé anseo. Chreidfimis é.
Key: You would
order it. We would light it. He wouldn't buy it. If I were to sell
it. Wouldn't they think it? Would she tell it? You wouldn't fight.
If you-all weren't to turn it. If he were to break it. Would it be
stolen? Wouldn't you drink it? If he weren't here. We would believe
The irregular verbs in the modh coinníollach
For all the irregular
verbs ( briathra neamhrialta), the basic or root form for the conditional
resembles that for the future. Endings are similar to those for regular
verbs of the first conjugation, such as "cuir" and "cas"
of the first conjugation.
Learn these five
verbs first. Go through each aloud, forming a picture of the activity
and subject for each phrase.
come, is: tiocfaidh mé (TYUHK-hee may*), I will come, in the
ordinary future. In the modh coinníollach:
I would come.
(HUHK-faw*), you would come.
(HUHK-huhk* shay*), he would come.
she would come.
we would come.
you-all would come.
(HUHK-hi-deesh), they would come.
(HUHK-fwee), people would come.
Go through the
other forms for "tar". These are the first phrases for each
(nee HUHK-hin), I wouldn't come.
( un DYUHK-hin), would I come?
wouldn't I come?
if I were to come.
if I were not to come.
(tay*), go, with "rachfaidh mé" (RAHK*-hee may*)
for "I will go", has its conditional as:
I would go.
(RAHK*-faw*) you would go.
(RAHK*-huhk* shay*), he would go.
she would go.
we would go.
you-all would go.
(RAHK*-hi-deesh), they would go.
(RAHK*-fwee), people would go.
Go through the
other forms for "téigh". The first phrases in each
An rachainn? Nach rachainn? Dá rachainn. Mura rachainn.
(fek) means "see". Its future forms begin with: feicfidh
mé (FEK-hee may*). In the modh coinníollach, a "d"
must precede the "f".
I would see.
(DEK-faw*), you would see.
(DEK-huhk* shay*), he would see.
she would see.
we would see.
(DEK-hi-deesh), they would see.
(DEK-fee), people would see.
The first phrases
in each of the other groups are:
(nee EK-hin), I wouldn't see. An bhfeicfinn? (un VEK-hin), would you
see? Nach bhfeicinn? (nahk* VEK-hin), wouldn't I see?
if I were to see. Mura bhfeicfinn, if I weren't to see.
(klish) means "hear". The future forms begin with: Cloisfidh
mé (KLISH-hee may*). The conditional is:
I would hear.
(K*LISH-faw*), you would hear.
(K*LISH-huhk* shay*), he would hear.
she would hear.
we would hear.
you-all would hear.
(K*LISH-hi-deesh), they would hear.
(K*LISH-fee), people would hear.
The first phrases
in the other forms are:
I wouldn't hear. An gcloisfinn? (un GLISH-hin), would I hear? Nach
gcloisfinn? (nahk* GLISH-hin), wouldn't I hear? Dá gcloisfinn,
if I were to hear. Mura gcloisfinn, if I weren't to hear.
(AH-bir), meaning "say", has: déarfaidh mé
(DYAY*R-hee may*) for "I will say". The modh coinníollach
(DYAY*R-hin), I would say.
(DYAY*R-faw*), you would say.
sé (DYAY*R-huhk* shay*), he would say.
sí, she would say.
(DYAY*R-hi-mish), we would say.
sibh, you-all would say.
(DYAY*R-hi-deesh), they would say.
(DYAY*R-fwee), people would say.
There is no aspiration
of the first consonant in this verb. The other groups begin: Ní
déarfainn, I wouldn't say. An ndéarfainn? (un NYAY*R-hin),
would I say? Nach ndéarfainn? (nahk* NYAY*R-hin), wouldn't
I say? Dá ndéarfainn, if I were to say. Mura ndéarfainn,
if I weren't to say.
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