Irish Lesson 120
logo

Céad Míle Fáilte!

IRISH GAELIC
LESSON BOARD

Make a real connection to your Irish heritage

Feeling like you could never crack Irish Gaelic?

Break it down into easy Bitesize portions, with the free "Irish for Beginners" email course by Bitesize Irish Gaelic.

Enter your name and email address below to get started (and we'll never spam you):

Lesson by "The Irish People"

Graiméar

The present subjunctive for the second conjugation has all forms except two ending in "__í". An example:

go gceannaí(goh GAN-ee) mé, I hope that I buy

go gceannaítú, I hope that you buy

go gceannaísé, sí; I hope that he, she buys

go gceannaímid, I hope that we buy

go gceannaísibh, I hope that you-all buy

go gceannaísiad, I hope that they buy

go gceannaítear (goh GAN-ee-tuhr)é, I hope that it is bought

The negative forms begin with: nár cheannaí(naw*r HYAN-ee) mé, I hope that I don't buy; the final one is: nár cheannaítearé.

 

There is a small group of second-conjugation verbs, ending in -il, -in, -is, and -ir that contract slightly (as they do in other tenses) in the modh foshuiteach or subjunctive. The letter "i" drops out, as in these examples.

Oscail, open

go n-osclaímé, may I open

go n-osclaímid (goh NOHSK-lee-mid), may we open

go n-osclaítear (goh NOHSK-lee-tuhr)é, may it be opened

nár osclaímé, may I not open

nár osclaímid, may we not open

nár osclaítearé, may it not be opened

 

Cosain (KUH-sin), defend

go gcosnaí(goh GUHS-nee) mé, I hope that I defend

go gcosnaímid, I hope that we defend

go gcosnaítearé, I hope that it is defended

nár chosnaí(naw*r K*UHS-nee) mé, I hope that I don't defend

nár chosnaímid, I hope that we don't defend

nár chosnaítearé, I hope that it is not defended

 

Imir, play

go n-imrímé, may I play

go n-imrímid (goh NIM-ree-mid), may we play

go n-imrítear (goh NIM-ree-tuhr)é, may it be played

nár imrímé, may I not play

nár imrímid, may we not play

nár imrítear, may it not be played

 

Inis (IN-ish), tell, relate

go n-insímé, may I tell

go n-insímid, may we tell

go n-insítearé, may it be told

nár insímé, may I not tell

nár insímid, may we not tell

nár insítearé, may it not be told

 

An modh foshuiteach le "tá"

With this verb, the word "raibh" (rev) is the main one for the present subjunctive:

go raibh mé, I hope that I am, may I be

go raibh tú, go raibh sé, go raibh sí

go rabhaimid (goh ROU-uh-mid), I hope that we are, may we be

go raibh sibh, go raibh siad

go rabhthar (ROU-huhr), I hope that it is ___

náraibh mé(naw* rev), I hope that I am not, may I not be

náraibh tú, náraibh sé, náraibh sí

nárabhaimid, I hope that we are not, may we not be

náraibh sibh, náraibh siad

nárabhthar (naw* ROU-huhr), I hope that it is not ___

 

Before practice to illustrate how this modh foshuiteach serves in communicating ideas, here are some words for expressing wishes:

 

Verbs

fóir (FOH-ir), ag fóirithint (uh FOH-ri-hint), fóirthe (FOH-ir-he), fóireann sé, fóirfidh sé; save, saving, saved, he saves, he will save (usually with "ar")

agair (AH-gir), ag agairt, agartha (AH-gahr-huh), agraíonn sé, agróidh sé; avenge or take retribution for, avenging, avenged, he avenges, he will avenge (with "ar" for "on")

beannaigh (BAN-ee), ag beannú(uh BAN-oo), beannaithe (BAN-uh-he), beannaíonn sé, beannóidh sé; bless or greet, blessing, blessed, he blesses, he will bless ( with "do")

maire (MAH-re), ag maireachtáil (uh MAHR-ahk*-taw*-il), martha (MAHR-huh), maireann sé, mairfidh sé; live, living, lived, he lives, he will live

éalaigh (AY*-lee), agéalú(eg AY*-loo),éalaithe (AY*-luh-he),éalaíonn sé,éalóidh sé; escape, escaping, escaped, he escapes, he will escape

 

Nouns

eilifint (EL-i-fint), an eilifint, na heilifinte, na heilfintí; elephant, the elephant, of the elephant, the elephants

gluaisteán (GLOOSH-tyaw*n), an gluaisteán, an ghluaisteáin, na gluaisteán; automobile, the auto, of the auto, the autos

trócaire, an trócaire, na trócaire; mercy, the mercy, of the mercy

 

Comhrá

Cruinníonnár gcairde chun rudaítabhachtacha a phlé

 

Deasún: Go mbeannaíDia dhuit, a Bhríd.

Bríd: Go mbeannaíDia is Muire dhuit, a Dheasúin.

Pól: Cheannaigh mo bheann gúna nua, a Mháire.

Máire: Go maire síagus go gcaithe síé.

Séamas: Thiomáin mémo ghluaisteán trasna do chlóis, a Nóra.

Nóra: Go léime eilifintéalaithe in airde ar do ghluaisteán, a Shéamais.

Pádraig: Anois, tácara liom i bpriosún (i bri-SOON), a Eibhlín.

Eibhlín: Go n-éalaíségo luath.

Seán: Chaill (k*eyel) méd'fháinne, a Bhláthnaid.

Bláthnaid: Go bhfóire Dia ort, a Sheáin.

Seoirse (SHOHR-she): Mháraigh mo mhac do chat, a Chaitlín.

Caitlín: Nár agraíDia airé.

Key:

Our friends gather to discuss important things.

Deasún: May God bless you (Hello), Bríd. Bríd: Hello, Deasún.

Pól; My wife bought a new dress, Mary. Mary: May she live and wear it.

Séamas: I drove my car across your yard, Nóra. Nóra: May an escaped elephant jump up on your car, Séamas.

Pádraig: Now, a friend of mine is in prison, Eibhlín. Eibhlin: I hope he escapes soon.

Seán: I lost your ring, Bláthnaid. Bláthnaid: May God help you, Seán.

Seoirse: My son killed your cat, Cáitlín. Cáitlín: I hope that God doesn't punish him for it.


Would you like to learn Irish Gaelic with audio pronunciation?

You can really start to learn to speak Irish with Bitesize Irish Gaelic.
It's a full online learning program.

  • Would you like to make a connection with Ireland?
  • And speak the native language of the Irish?
  • Do you find it difficult to learn from reading only text?
Then take the free Irish for Beginners email course by Bitesize Irish Gaelic. Every couple of days, you'll get a mini-series of free Irish language lessons. Each lesson is full of interactive audio recordings.

Learn Irish with Irish for Beginners, by Bitesize Irish Gaelic.

<<back to top of page>>

(c) 1998 The Irish People. May be reprinted with credit.


Home | Word Review Board | Irish Facts & Fun | Audio Central | Sitemap

erins web . erins web ireland . erins web gaelic . erins web weaves
about
.
site map
. privacy statement

© Bitesize Irish Gaelic Ltd. 2014, unless otherwise stated. All rights reserved.
Contact Bitesize Irish Gaelic