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Lesson by "The Irish People"
starts a word and the nearest vowel in the word is "a",
"o" or "u", pronounce this "n" by spreading
the tongue and pressing it against the upper front teeth. Practice
this broad "n" sound in: ná, nó, nuair (NOO-ir),
begins a word but the nearest vowel is "e" or "i",
pronounce the "n" with the tongue tip on the hard rim behind
the upper front teeth. You will often hear a faint (y) sound as you
continue pronouncing the rest of the word. Practice this sound in:
néad (nay*d) or (nyay*d), ní, nead (nyad), neimh (nev),
If the "n"
is inside or at the end of a word, pronounce it as you do in English.
Practice on: lán, rón, anuas (uh-NOO-uhs), móin
(MOH-in), lean (lan), glanaim.
If a double "n"
inside a word is near an "e" or "i", pronounce
it (ny). Examples: bainne (BAHN-ye), tinneas (TIN-yuhs).
at a word end following "i" may get a (n) or (ny) sound,
the latter being close to (ng). Examples: linn (lin) or (liny); álainn
(AW*-lin) or (AW*-liny). The (ny) sound makes a combination like "álainn
é" sound (AW*-lin yay*).
Learn these expressions
for quick use in thought and speech:
(kay*rd fwee), What about it?
(kay*rd FOOT-suh), What about you?
(kay*rd FOO-huh), What about them?
shin (TAH-muhl oh hin), a while ago.
Is duitse é
seo (is DIT-she ay* shuh), This is for you.
In this week's
long conversation, we will break up the sentences into phrases by
hyphenation, to give you practice in working by phrases, something
which is important in learning Irish. Go over each sentence in Irish
until you can say it easily and understand what is meant, making use
of the English translation if needed. Do not translate into English.
Next, cover the Irish and try to express the English in Irish. You
do not need to get the exact wording of the original Irish, only the
sense of it.
(BLAW*-nid): A Phóil (uh FOH-il), bíonn rud beag --
do mo bhodhrú (duhm VOU-roo) -- le tamall anois (le TAH-muhl
uh-NISH). Blathnaid: Paul, there's a small thing bothering me for
a while now.
(pohl): Céard é sin? (kay*rd ay* shin) Airgead, an ea?
(AR-i-guhd un a) Paul: What's that? Money, is it?
Ó, ní hea. Tá gach rud -- go han-mhaith (goh
HAHN-uh VWAH) -- maidir leis an airgead (MAH-dir lesh un AR-i-guhd).
Oh, it's not. Everything is very good in the matter of money.
Ó, tá áthas orm (taw* AW*-huhs OH-ruhm) -- é
sin a chloisteáil (ay* shin uh K*LISH-taw*-il). Níorbh
fhéidir liom (NEE-ruhv AY*-dir luhm) -- mórán
cabhrach (moh-RAW*N KOU-rahk*) -- a thabairt duit (uh HOO-irt dit)
-- sa chás sin (suh k*aw*s shin). Oh, I'm happy to hear that.
I wouldn't be able to give you much help in that case.
Creidim thú (KRED-im hoo), -- ach is fadhb bheag (feyeb vee-UHG)
-- an fhadhb (eyeb) atá agam anois. Bíonn buairt orm
(BOO-irt OH-ruhm) -- le pictiúr na teilifíse (le PIK-tyoor
nuh TEL-i-feesh-e). Ní bhíonn sé soiléir
(suh-LAY*R) -- chor ar bith (K*UHR er i). Agus preabann sé
(PRAB-uhn shay*) -- go minic. I believe you, but the problem I have
now is a small problem. I have trouble with the television's picture.
It's not clear at all. And it jumps often.
Rinne an fear (RIN-ye un far) -- a chuir isteach é -- botún,
b'fhéidir (buh-TOON, BAY*-dir). An bhfuil an leabhairín
treorach (LOU-uhr-een TROHR-rahk*) -- agat? The man who installed
it made a mistake, perhaps. Do you have the instruction booklet?
Tá an t-ádh leat (un TAW* lat). Choinnigh mé
é (K*IN-ee may* ay*). Seo dhuit é (shuh GIT ay*). You're
in luck. I kept it. Here it is for you.
Hmm. Mórán léaráidí ann (moh-RAW*N
lay*r-AW*-dee oun). Ó, feach anseo! Treorach faoin aeróg
(TROHR-rahk* fween ay*r-ROHG). Hmm. A lot of diagrams there. Oh, look
here! Instructions on the aerial.
bhfuil an trioblóid (trib-LOH-id) -- san aeróg. Feictear
dom -- go bhfuil an aeróg seo againn (uh-GIN) -- ro-ghearr
(roh YAHR). Tá aeróg níos faide (nees FAD-ye)
-- ag teastáil uainn (uh TAS-taw*-il WOO-in) -- go soiléir.
I think that the trouble is in the aerial. It seems to me that this
aerial of ours is too short. We need a longer aerial, clearly.
Cad ba cheart dúinn (kahd buh hyart DOO-in) -- a dhéanamh
anois -- más ea? (maw* sha) What should we do now, then.
Tá orainn (OH-rin) -- sreang mhiotail a fháil (srang
VI-til uh AW*-il) -- agus í a chur -- an fhuinneog amach (un
in-YOHG uh-MAHK*). Bainimis triail as sin (BWIN-i-meesh TREE-il as
shin). We must get a metal wire and put it out the window. Let's try
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(c) 1998 The
Irish People. May be reprinted with credit.